Dating greek phoenician coins

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The few darics which resemble the double darics in this respect may probably be classed with them (cf.

It is probable, however, that they were not all struck in the Babylonian satrapy, it would seem that they soon became popular in the far eastern provinces of the empire, Bactria or Sogdiana, for nearly all the specimens in the British Museum were acquired in the Panjb. This series of coins has been attributed by Babelon to Memnon the Rhodian, as head of the Persian army which was victorious at Magnesia and Ephesus B. 336-334, but was afterwards defeated by Alexander at the Granicus (Babelon, Perses Achm., p. The ornament on the gold stater has been taken for the Carian letter (Sayce, Transactions of Soc. The incuse reverse on these coins is not an indication of date, and its strange ornamentation is unlike the work of a Greek die-sinker.

ΠΥΘΑΓΟΡΗ[Σ] on the obverse of one specimen it is to be inferred that whoever Pythagores may have been he must have held high command in the service of the Great King, or a prominent position shortly after Alexander’s conquest.

But neither this nor any other local attribution hitherto suggested for these remarkable issues can be said to carry conviction.[1] From the conspicuousness of the inscr. The Rhodian weight may well have been adopted almost anywhere by a Persian satrap merely for convenience of exchange, as fifteen of these staters of Rhodian weight would have been equivalent to two gold darics or forty silver sigloi.

Ihlas News Agency via REUTERSISTANBUL (Reuters) - Turkish police said on Thursday they had rescued thousands of artefacts dating back to Anatolian, Greek and Egyptian civilizations in the largest operation to combat smuggling of ancient treasures in the country's history.

As, however, some specimens bear Phoenician characters, and as in fabric and style they are more like Phoenician than Carian coins, I am inclined to regard them as money issued by some Persian commander or satrap at a Phoenician mint.

J., ‘Countermarks on early Persian and Indian Coins’ in Journal R. S., 1895.] The Persians, like the Medes and Babylonians, were unfamiliar with, or felt not need of, coined money before the capture of Sardes by Cyrus and the conquet of the Lydian empire B. 546, when for the first time they came into direct contact with the Greeks of the coast lands of Asia Minor. But there is no evidence that it there signifies a piece of money. That Sardes should be place of mintage chosen by Darius for his new Persian coinage is not surprising, when it is borne in mind that the processes of minting were fully understood there, and that skilled die-sinkers and moneyers would be more easily obtainable there than anywhere else in the Persian empire. Following the example set by Croesus, Darius employed practically pure gold for his new coinage, though with the addition of about 3 per cent. The Babylonic and Persic Silver Minae in their various forms (see Haeberlin, op. 18), who states that Cyrus the younger presented 3,000 darics to the Ambracian soothsayer Silanus as the equivalent of 10 talents. That these Indo-Greek copies continued to be issued for a long time is evident from the gradual development into a symmetrical though meaningless pattern, , surrounded sometimes by fish-like ornaments). This series of coins is assigned by Babelon (Perses Achm. cxxiii f.) to Euagoras II, who was satrap in Cyprus B.

How soon after these events they began to issue gold staters of the royal Persian type is a somewhat doubtful point, but the Darius Hystaspis, B. 521-486, coined gold money of the finest quality we are told by Herodotus (iv. The output of the darics during the reigns of Darius and Xerxes, doubtless from other centres as well as from the old Sardian mint, must have been enormous, for we read that the Lydian, Pythius, at the time of the expedition of Xerxes, possessed as many as 3,993,000 of them, a sum which the king increased to 4,000,000 (Hdt. of alloy which, as experience had taught the moneyers, was necessary for slightly hardening of the metal.[1] The weight of the Daric, 130 grs., was rather heavier than that of its predecessor the Croesean stater (126 grs.) by about 4 grs., an excess partly, perhaps, due to the 3 per cent. It may be doubted, however, whether the intrinsic value of the Daric exceeded that of the stater of Croesus, which was of absolutely pure gold.[2] For the derivation of the weights of the Lydian and Persian gold staters see Haeberlin (Z. cit.) were derived from the corresponding Gold Minae on the basis of the relation of gold to silver as .3. The types and denominations of the Royal Persian coins are as follows:— Of this type there are two varieties. 161 ff.) The darics and the sigloi are the only coins bearing Persian types which I am inclined to accept as strictly Royal currency. It is noticeable that on most of these Indo-Greek pieces the quiver at the king’s shoulder is omitted.

The book is an indispensable reference for understanding coin circulation, trading exchanges, and even the wars involving the Greeks, Cypriots, and Egyptians in the Phoenician eastern Mediterranean.

Turkish police said on Thursday they had rescued thousands of artefacts dating back to Anatolian, Greek and Egyptian civilizations in the largest operation to combat smuggling of ancient treasures in the country’s history.

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